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File #: 170478    Version: 0 Name:
Type: Resolution Status: ADOPTED
File created: 5/11/2017 In control: CITY COUNCIL
On agenda: Final action: 5/11/2017
Title: Hereby recognizing May 18, 2017 as Haitian Flag Day in Philadelphia.
Sponsors: Councilmember Blackwell, Councilmember Gym, Councilmember Green, Councilmember Domb, Councilmember Squilla, Councilmember Parker, Councilmember Oh, Councilmember Bass, Councilmember Greenlee, Councilmember Jones, Council President Clarke, Councilmember Johnson, Councilmember Quiñones Sánchez, Councilmember Reynolds Brown, Councilmember Taubenberger, Councilmember O'Neill
Attachments: 1. Signature17047800.pdf
Title
Hereby recognizing May 18, 2017 as Haitian Flag Day in Philadelphia.

Body
WHEREAS, Haiti became the only nation in the Western Hemisphere to defeat three European empires, and remains the only nation in the world established as the result of a successful revolutionary uprising of enslaved African people; and

WHEREAS, The Haitian Revolution was one of the most influential uprisings in the Western Hemisphere, sparking slave revolts throughout the Caribbean which forced the eventual end of slavery in the British and French Caribbean occupied territories. Additionally, it inspired the three major slave revolts in the United States; Gabrielle Prosser in 1800, Denmark Vesey in 1822, and Nat Turner in 1830; and

WHEREAS, The African heroes in "Hispaniola" fought for human rights, liberty, equality and fraternity, and went on to establish the first free black republic in the world, "the Republic of Haiti"; the first independent nation in Latin America and the first nation to renounce slavery; and

WHEREAS, After the capture of Toussaint L'Ouverture, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, his successor, modified the flag by stripping the white band from the French flag. Signifying that we are no longer under the white race domination, and inserting in the center the coat of arms with the words, "L'Union fait la force" meaning, "Through Unity, there is Strength"; and

WHEREAS, The Haitian flag is a symbol of pride, unity, individual liberty, and is tightly linked to the country's history of struggle and freedom; it is a commemoration of the heroes of Haiti's history with the red symbolizing the blood and the sacrifices made by the heroes of the Haitian Revolution, and the blue is emblematic of hope and unity; and

WHEREAS, Notably, it was Dessalines' victory over Rochambeau in Vertieres that forced Napoleon to abandon his bid for the control of Louisiana and, eventually, the rest of the "New World". Therefore, were it not for Dessalines and his troops of freed ...

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